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UN Security Council Resolution 661
August 6, 1991

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Immediately following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, the UN Security Council passed resolution 660 on August 2, 1990 calling for withdrawal of Iraqi troops. This failed to impress the Iraqi government, and was following on August 6 by Resolution 661, which authorized economic sanctions against Iraq and occupied Kuwait, declaring a trade blockade, and blocking both Iraq asses and Kuwaiti assets, protecting the latter from the Iraqis who now controlled them.

Ami Isseroff

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 S/RES/661 (1990)

 6 August 1990

United Nations Security Council Resolution 661

Adopted by the Security Council at its 2933rd meeting, on 6 August 1991

      The Security Council,

      Reaffirming its resolution 660 (1990) of 2 August 1990,

      Deeply concerned that that resolution has not been implemented and that  the invasion by Iraq of Kuwait continues with further loss of human life and material destruction,

      Determined to bring the invasion and occupation of Kuwait by Iraq to an end and to restore the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Kuwait,

      Noting that the legitimate Government of Kuwait has expressed its readiness to comply with resolution 660 (1990),

      Mindful of its responsibilities under the Charter of the United Nations for the maintenance of international peace and security,

      Affirming the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence, in response to the armed attack by Iraq against Kuwait, in accordance with  Article 51 of the Charter,

      Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

      1.   Determines that Iraq so far has failed to comply with paragraph 2 of  resolution 660 (1990) and has usurped the authority of the legitimate  Government of Kuwait;

      2.   Decides, as a consequence, to take the following measures to secure  compliance of Iraq with paragraph 2 of resolution 660 (1990) and to restore  the authority of the legitimate Government of Kuwait;

      3.   Decides that all States shall prevent:

      (a)  The import into their territories of all commodities and products  originating in Iraq or Kuwait exported therefrom after the date of the present

      (b)  Any activities by their nationals or in their territories which would promote or are calculated to promote the export or trans-shipment of any commodities or products from Iraq or Kuwait; and any dealings by their  nationals or their flag vessels or in their territories in any commodities or products originating in Iraq or Kuwait and exported therefrom after the date of the present resolution, including in particular any transfer of funds to Iraq or Kuwait for the purposes of such activities or dealings;

      (c)  The sale or supply by their nationals or from their territories or using their flag vessels of any commodities or products, including weapons or any other military equipment, whether or not originating in their territories but not including supplies intended strictly for medical purposes, and, in humanitarian circumstances, foodstuffs, to any person or body in Iraq or Kuwait or to any person or body for the purposes of any business carried on in  or operated from Iraq or Kuwait, and any activities by their nationals or in their territories which promote or are calculated to promote such sale or supply of such commodities or products;

      4.   Decides that all States shall not make available to the Government of Iraq or to any commercial, industrial or public utility undertaking in Iraq or Kuwait, any funds or any other financial or economic resources and shall prevent their nationals and any persons within their territories from removing from their territories or otherwise making available to that Government or to any such undertaking any such funds or resources and from remitting any other  funds to persons or bodies within Iraq or Kuwait, except payments exclusively for strictly medical or humanitarian purposes and, in humanitarian  circumstances, foodstuffs;

      5.   Calls upon all States, including States non-members of the United Nations, to act strictly in accordance with the provisions of the present resolution notwithstanding any contract entered into or licence granted before the date of the present resolution;

      6.   Decides to establish, in accordance with rule 28 of the provisional rules of procedure of the Security Council, a Committee of the Security Council consisting of all the members of the Council, to undertake the following tasks and to report on its work to the Council with its observations and recommendations:

      (a)  To examine the reports on the progress of the implementation of the present resolution which will be submitted by the Secretary-General;

      (b)  To seek from all States further information regarding the action taken by them concerning the effective implementation of the provisions laid
 down in the present resolution;

      7.   Calls upon all States to co-operate fully with the Committee in the fulfilment of its task, including supplying such information as may be sought
 by the Committee in pursuance of the present resolution;

      8.   Requests the Secretary-General to provide all necessary assistance to the Committee and to make the necessary arrangements in the Secretariat for the purpose;

      9.   Decides that, notwithstanding paragraphs 4 through 8 above, nothing in the present resolution shall prohibit assistance to the legitimate Government of Kuwait, and calls upon all States:

      (a)  To take appropriate measures to protect assets of the legitimate Government of Kuwait and its agencies;

      (b)  Not to recognize any regime set up by the occupying Power;

      10.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council on the progress of the implementation of the present resolution, the first report to
 be submitted within thirty days;

      11.  Decides to keep this item on its agenda and to continue its efforts  to put an early end to the invasion by Iraq.


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