The following peace initiative was formulated by Prime Minister Shamir (Likud) and Defence Minister Rabin (Labour) of the Israel unity government, and represented the consensus of Israel policy. The plan consists of four basic points:
Strengthening the peace with Egypt as a regional cornerstone
Copyright 1999-2002This introduction is copyright by MidEastWeb for Coexistence RA and the author. Please do not copy materials from this Web site to your Web site. Please tell your friends about MidEastWeb. Please forward these materials in e-mails to friends and link to this URL - http://www.mideastweb.org. You can print out materials for your own use or classroom use, giving the URL of MidEastWeb. For pages marked Copyright, printed material should bear this notice:
"Copyright by MidEastWeb for Coexistence R.A. - http://www.mideastweb.org. All rights Reserved."
Reproduction in any other form - by permission only.
The source document below is in the public domain.
1. This document presents the principles of a political initiative of the Government of Israel which deals with the continuation of the peace process; the termination of the state of war with the Arab states; a solution for the Arabs of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district; peace with Jordan; and a resolution of the problem of the residents of the refugee camps in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district.
2. The document includes:
3. The initiative is founded upon the assumption that there is a national consensus for it on the basis of the basic guidelines of the Government of Israel, including the following points:
SUBJECTS TO BE DEALT WITH IN THE PEACE PROCESS:
THE PRINCIPLES CONSTITUTING THE INITIATIVE: STAGES:
5. The initiative is based on two stages:
6. The interlock between the stages is a timetable on which the Plan is built: the peace process delineated by the initiative is based on Resolutions 242 and 338 upon which the Camp David Accords are founded. TIMETABLE:
7. The transitional period will continue for 5 years.
8. As soon as possible, but not later than the third year after the beginning of the transitional period, negotiations for achieving a permanent solution will begin.
PARTIES PARTICIPATING IN THE NEGOTIATIONS IN BOTH STAGES:
9. The parties participating in the negotiations for the First Stage (the interim agreement) shall include Israel and the elected representation of the Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district. Jordan and Egypt will be invited to participate in these negotiations if they so desire.
10. The parties participating in the negotiations for the Second Stage (Permanent Solution) shall include Israel and the elected representation of the Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district, as well as Jordan; furthermore, Egypt may participate in these negotiations. In negotiations between Israel and Jordan, in which the elected representation of the Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district will participate, the peace treaty between Israel and Jordan will be concluded.
SUBSTANCE OF TRANSITIONAL PERIOD
11. During the transitional period the Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district will be accorded self-rule by means of which they will, themselves, conduct their affairs of daily life. Israel will continue to be responsible for security, foreign affairs and all matters concerning Israeli citizens in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district. Topics involving the implementation of the plan for self-rule will be considered and decided within the framework of the negotiations for an interim agreement.
SUBSTANCE OF PERMANENT SOLUTION
12. In the negotiations for a permanent solution every party shall be entitled to present for discussion all the subjects it may wish to raise.
13. The aim of the negotiations should be:
DETAILS OF THE PROCESS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INITIATIVE
14. First and foremost dialogue and basic agreement by the Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district, as well as Egypt and Jordan if they wish to take part, as above-mentioned, in the negotiations, on the principles constituting the initiative.
a. Immediately afterwards will follow the stage of preparations and implementation of the election process in which a representation of the Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and Gaza will be elected. This representation:
I. Shall be a partner to the conduct of negotiations for the transitional period (interim agreement).
II. Shall constitute the self-governing authority in the course of the transitional period.
III. Shall be the central Palestinian component, subject to agreement after three years, in the negotiations for the permanent solution.
b. In the period of the preparation and implementation there shall be a calming of the violence in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district.
16. As to the substance of the elections, it is recommended that a proposal of regional elections be adopted, the details of which shall be determined in further discussions.
17. Every Palestinian Arab residing in Judea, Samaria, and the Gaza district, who shall be elected by the inhabitants to represent them - after having submitted his candidacy in accordance with the detailed document which shall determine the subject of the elections - may be a legitimate participant in the conduct of negotiations with Israel.
18. The elections shall be free, democratic and secret.
19. Immediately after the election of the Palestinian representation, negotiations shall be conducted with it on an interim agreement for a transitional period which shall continue for 5 years, as mentioned above. In these negotiations the parties shall determine all the subjects relating to the substance to the self-rule and the arrangements necessary for its implementation.
20. As soon as possible, but not later than the third year after the establishment of the self-rule, negotiations for a permanent solution shall begin. During the whole period of these negotiations until the signing of the agreement for a permanent solution, the self-rule shall continue in effect as determined in the negotiations for an interim agreement.
Timeline Main History Page of MidEastWeb
Middle East Gateway