Time Line of Second (Al-Aqsa) Intifada

Chronology of Intifada events since 2000
The Middle East

Important Notes - These tables include the most important incidents, especially assassinations or attacks in which more than 3 or 4 people were killed. No attempt was made to catalogue every fatality and incident. Fatality figures are based on Betselem and Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs reports. The Journal of Palestine Studies (JPS) has consistently higher (about to 20-30%) numbers for Palestinian fatalities than Betselem. Fatalities do not include Palestinians killed in internecine violence, but may include those allegedly killed by settlers in road accidents, those killed in "work accidents," suicide bombers who blew themselves up, and Palestinians who allegedly died because of delays at checkpoints.

Main timeline: Time line of Israel-Palestine-Middle East History

Main Second Intifada article Second Intifada

Also directly relevant for background: Recent history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

This timeline is a continuation of Timeline: Second Intifada which covers the first period of the Intifada from 2000.


Unofficial Second Intifada
Feb 20, 2005 Israeli cabinet approves plan for implementing disengagement.
Feb 25, 2005 Suicide bombing by Islamic Jihad kills 5 in Tel Aviv Stage Club. Israel freezes planned handover of Palestinian towns.
Feb. Intifada Dead Palestinians: 12; Israelis: 5
Mar 1, 2005 London Conference hosted by Great Britain aims at organizing Palestinian security forces and getting financial backing for the Palestinian Authority.
Mar 10, 2005 IDF kills Islamic Jihad militant Muhammad Abu Khazna in Tul Karm. He is held responsible for Feb. 25 bombing.
Mar 16, 2005 Cairo Conference - Palestinian militant groups agree to a tahediyeh - a lull in the fighting. Hamas and Islamic Jihad will join the PLO. Hamas will participate in May elections for the Palestine Legislative Council.  Israel withdrew from  Jericho and a week later it withdrew from Jericho.
Mar 21, 2005 IDF turns over Tulkarm security to Palestinians. Israeli PM Sharon approves construction of 3,500 housing units in Ma'aleh Edumim.
Mar Intifada Dead Palestinians: 2; Israelis: 0
Apr 9, 2005 IDF kills 3 14 year old Palestinians supposedly playing soccer near Egyptian border in Gaza. Allegedly they acted suspiciously.
Apr Intifada Dead Palestinians:5; Israelis: 0
May 2, 2005 IDF kills wanted Islamic Jihad militant Shafiq 'Abd al-Ghani near Tulkarm and 1 IDF soldier in arrest raid.
May 16, 2005 Right wing protestors block intersections in Israel, in protest over disengagement.
May 26, 2005 Mahmoud Abbas received in White House by President George Bush and is promised an additional $50 million in aid. Bush declares US support for a settlement based on 1949 armistice borders. Israel releases about 400 prisoners and promises to withdraw from Palestinian cities in the West Bank. Commentary.
May Intifada Dead Palestinians: 11; Israelis: 1
June 2, 2005 IDF completes release of 900 hundred prisoners promised in Sharm Summit, with releast of 398 prisoners. Two refuse release
June 7, 2005 IDF kills wanted Islamic Jihad commander Marawa Khalil and a bystander in Jenin in arrest raid.
June 20, 2005 Would-be suicide bomber Wafa Bis arrested at Gaza checkpoint on her way to carry out a suicide attack against an Israeli hospital. Commentary.
June 21, 2005 Following visit of Condoleezza Rice, summit meeting between Abbas and Sharon ends in failure.
June 30, 2005 Gaza settlers initiate violent clashes, take over an Arab house and attempt to lynch a Palestinian youth,  Hilal Majaida near Muasi.  Shimshon Sitrin, Avinoam Krispin are arrested. IDF raids Maoz Yam hotel in Gaza where about 100 right-wing anti-disengagement activists have gathered, and evicts them.
June Intifada Dead Palestinians: 5; Israelis: 5
July 12, 2005 Islamic Jihad suicide bomber kills 5 civilians in Netanya mall. (Commentary).   IDF reoccupies Tulkarm. Hamas responds with massive rocket fire on Israeli settlements and inside Israel, killing one. Israel responds with massive manhunt against Hamas members in Hebron area and in Gaza, renewing the policy of assassinating terror leaders, claiming they are only killing those who are about to carry out terror attacks. PNA attack Hamas in Gaza, Hamas counterattacks. Civilians are killed in the cross fire.

Gaza Closed - Israel closes the Gaza strip to Israeli citizens other than residents. This follows extensive settler violence and is intended to thwart a mass march organized by the Yesha (settler's) councils intended to thwart the disengagement.

July 14, 2005 Hamas and  Fatah  al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claim rocket hits that kill 2 in Israel.
July 15, 2005 IDF kill 7 Hamas members (Sabir Abu Assi, `Assim Abu Ras, Amjad Arafat, `Adil Haniyeh, Muhammad Ayyash, Samir Dawahqa, Muhammad Mar'ai) and stone-thrower. Supposed end of Feb 8 cease fire.
July Intifada Dead Palestinians: 25; Israelis: 8
Aug. 4, 2005 Berserk right-wing IDF soldier kills 4 Israeli Arabs in Shfaram bus before being killed.
Aug. 15, 2005 Disengagement - Israeli evacuation of Gaza settlements and four West Bank settlements began on August 15 and was completed August 24.
Aug. 17, 2005 A Jewish settler from Shvut Rachel steals a gun from an Israeli security guard in Shilo, kills 4 Palestinians. Removal of settlers from Gaza by force begins.
Aug. Intifada Dead Palestinians: 11; Israelis: 1
Sept. 1` 2005 Last Israeli soldiers leave Gaza. Settlements handed over to Palestinians Sept. 12. Israel also evacuates four settlements in northern West Bank without incident. Palestinians loot and destroy greenhouses that were bought for them by Jewish philanthropists.
Sept. 15, 2005 Israeli PM Ariel Sharon addresses the United Nations, calls for peace, recognizes Palestinian rights, reasserts Israeli right to united Jerusalem, determination to fight terror

Israeli Supreme court, sitting as the High Court of Justice, rules that the security fence is not contrary to international law. Text of Israeli High Court Ruling Regarding the Legality of the Security Fence.

During meetings in US and thereafter Sharon states that Hamas should not be allowed to participate in the Palestinian elections, apparently in agreement with PA President Mahmoud Abbas, and Israeli leftist opposition politician Yossi Beilin. However, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice insists on Hamas participation. As quoted in NYT report of Sept. 21, 2005  by Joel Brinkley, Rice said:

''This is going to be a Palestinian process, and I think we have to give the Palestinians some room for the evolution of their political process."

The elections bring Hamas to power, ultimately precipitating a bloody Hamas coup in Gaza and ending the peace process.

Sept. 23, 2005 After Palestinian authority bans parades with weapons in Gaza, but before the ban goes into effect, the last such parade held by Hamas ends in an accidental explosion that kills about 20 people. Hamas fires about 40 rockets on Sderot, in Israel. Israel responds with massive campaign of arrests in West Bank and targeted killings in Gaza; Hamas pledges to respect cease fire. 

IDF kills 3 Islamic Jihad militants: Ra'id 'Ajaj, Said al-Ashqar, Jamil Ja'ara in a raid on Tulkarm.

Sept. 26, 2005

Ariel Sharon wins crucial vote in Likud central committee, narrowly edging out opponents of disengagement who wanted early primaries in order to oust him.

Sept. 29, 2005 IDF kills  Islamic Jihad militants Nidal Khalluf, Samir al-Shalabi and  Fatah  al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades local commander near Jenin; IDF kills Fatah  al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militans Ala' al-Tirawi, Jamal al-Jirmi in Balata. Settlers riot in Hebron damaging propety, seriously injuring a Palestinian.
Sep Intifada Dead Palestinians: 17; Israelis: 1
Oct. 2 2005 Fighting between Fatah and Hamas in Gaza kills 3.
Oct. 16 2005 Fatah  al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades kill 3 Israeli civilians in West Bank, in road shootings near Gush Etzion and Eli.
Oct. 20 2005 Abbas-Bush meeting; Bush cautions that a Palestinian state may not be established in his term.
Oct. 24 2005 IDF kills Islamic Jihad West Bank military commander  Luay Saadi, Islamic Jihad militant Majid Askar
Oct. 27 2005 IDF kills Islamic Jihad north Gaza commander Shadi Muhanna, Muhanna deputy Muhammad Qandil, 5 others, including some non-combatants.
Oct.30 2005 IDF kills Islamic Jihad militants Jihad Zakarna and Arshad Abu Zayd in Qabatya.
Oct. 2005 PNA partial local elections give 55 seats to Fatah, 24 to Hamas. 
Oct Intifada Dead Palestinians: 22; Israelis: 9
Nov. 1 2005 IDF kills  Fatah  al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades military leader Hassan Madhun, Hamas military  leader Fawzi Abu Qara'  in Jabaliya.
Nov. 10 2005 Amir Peretz  elected leader of the Israel Labor party, pulls Labor out of the coalition, precipitating early elections.
Nov. 15 2005 Israel promises to implement Gaza-West Bank safe passage in meeting with US Secretary of State Rice, but never does so. Does open Rafah crossing as promised, Nov 25.
Nov. 17 2005 IDF  kills  wanted Fatah  al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants Ahmad Abahra and Muhammad Zayid  Jenin.
Nov. 21 2005 Israeli PM Ariel Sharon, facing internal opposition in the Likud over disengagement, quits the Likud to form a new party, Kadima.
Nov.Intifada Dead Palestinians: 15; Israelis:2
Dec. 3, 2005 Israel Navy sinks Palestinian boat that refuses to halt. Palestinian clan fighting kills 5 in Beit Hanoun. Chaos increasing in Gaza. 
Dec. 5, 2005 Islamic Jihad suicide bomber blows up outside a shopping mall in Netanya, killing 5 Israeli civilians.
Dec. 7, 2005 IAF kills head of the Popular Resistance Committees Salah al-Din Brigades Mahmud Arqan. Palestinian woman killed in political or clan violence.
Dec. 8, 2005 IDF  kills  Fatah  al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants  Iyad Qaddas, and Iyad Najjar in Jabalya.
Dec. 12, 2005 IDF arrests in Nablus; Palestinian gunmen kill PA policeman in Gaza city.
Dec. 14, 2005 IDF  kills 4 Popular Resistance Committees militants in Gaza city.
Dec. 17, 2005 Senior Abu Rish Brigades  leader Khalid Abu Sitta dies in car explosion.
Dec. 22, 2005 IDF  kills local PFLP commander Bashar Hanani (or Bashar Khalani), Fatah  al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants. Ahmad Jayyusi and Anas Hamad;
Dec. 25, 2005 Israeli PM Ariel Sharon returns to work after his first, mild stroke.

Tali Fahima, Israeli who befriended al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades wanted Jenin commander Zakaria Zubaidi and spoke out in favor of violence, convicted on several lesser counts but contention that she gave information to the enemy is removed from indictment. Fahima will serve about 2 years of a three year sentence. Israeli radical groups insist that this is a "political" prosecution. After she is released, Fahima first telephones Zubaidi who congratulates here. Later however, she calls Zubaidi a whore of the Shin Bet Intelligence services because he opted out of terrorism (see June 25, 2008). . 

Dec. 29, 2005 Islamic Jihad suicide bomber blows up at checkpoint near Tulkarm, killing IDF soldier, 2 Palestinians, self. Palestinian mob kill 1 PA policeman in violence in Gaza.
Dec. 30, 2005 PA police protest against death of policeman force closing of Rafah border terminal.
Dec. 31, 2005 IAF air strikes kill 2 Palestinians in Gaza; riots and demonstrations by Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants in connection with PA elections and by armed clansmen protesting arrest of relative by PA.
Dec Intifada Dead Palestinians: 20; Israelis: 8
2005 Total Palestinian Rockets and Mortars: Rockets: 179; Mortars: 238
2005 Intifada Dead Palestinians:  197; Israelis: 52
Jan 2, 2006 IAF missiles in Jabaliya Refugee Camp kill Islamic Jihad commander Said Abu Jidayn, and  Islamic Jihad militants Akram Qaddas, Omar Obayid.

PA police riot to protest PA lawlessness. 

Jan 4, 2006 On January 4, Ariel Sharon suffered a massive stroke, leaving the leadership of Israel and the new Kadima party in the hands of  Ehud Olmert.
Jan 12, 2006 IDF kills Islamic Jihad militant Azmi Abu Khalil, arresting another; Islamic Jihad militant Ali Abu Hizma blows himself up in Jenin.
Jan 22, 2006 IAF missile strike kills Popular Resistance Committees  militant  Mahmud  (or Muhammad) 'Abd al-A'al (abu Abir),
Jan 26, 2006 On January 26, the radical Islamist Hamas movement won an upset victory in Palestinian Legislative Council elections, threatening to end about 40 years of Fateh-PLO leadership of the Palestinians and to completely ruin hopes for peace with Israel. Hamas ran a united "reform" sleight" against divided Fatah, which ran multiple competing candidates for the same seats. Hamas won a slim plurality of votes over Fatah, but due to the regional representation system of the PA, the victory is decisive in terms of numbers of representatives. Hamas participated in the election in direct violation of the 1995 Oslo Interim accord, which forbids participation by candidates who do not abjure violence, because of pressure by United States Secretary of State Rice, and over the objections of Israeli PM Ariel Sharon and Palestinian President Abbas (see Sept 15, 2005 entry). 

Hamas spokesmen sent mixed signals, but vowed never to recognize Israel and never to give up their claim to all of Palestine. Donor countries suspend direct aid to the Hamas until they are willing to recognize Israel and participate in peace process.

Subsequently, a mechanism is agreed upon to pay salaries to PNA employees and give emergency humanitarian aid, but it is not implemented. Hamas smuggles in cash through the Rafah crossing with the connivance of European monitors in order to pay salaries.

Fatah and Hamas are unable to agree on a government, because Hamas refuses to abide by previous agreements of PA with Israel. This stalemate continues throughout 2006. An Israeli and international blockade prevent export of goods and limits travel to and from Gaza. Tunnels under the Rafah crossing expand to allow smuggling of goods and weapons. 

Jan 31, 2006 In Jenin, IDF Kills Islamic Jihad's al-Quds Brigades Nidal al-Sadi and assistant Ahmad Tubasi
Jan. Intifada Dead Palestinians: 13; Israelis: 0
Feb 2, 2006 Riots and protests over Danish cartoons that show Prophet Muhammad include attacks on Christians and Europeans.
Feb 4, 2006 IAF missile strike kills 3 senior Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants in Gaza city. Settlers allegedly beat 11 year old Palestinian boy severaly near Hebron.
Feb 6, 2006 IAF missile strike kills Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants Hassan Asfur and Rami Hanun in Gaza.
Feb 7, 2006 IAF missile strike kills Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants  'Atiya Abu Shari`a and Suha`il Bakir in Gaza
Feb 19-24, 2006 IDF operation in Nablus and Balata kill 4 including Islamic Jihad al-Quds Brigades leader Ahmad Abu Sharikh, Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades leader  Muhammad Shatawi (20.2). 2 Palestinians killed attempting attack in north Gaza (19.2) and 2 more on 24.2, and  3 more Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades and 2 apparent bystanders (23.2) in Nablus area.
Feb. Intifada Dead Palestinians: 31; Israelis: 1
Mar 6, 2006 IAF missile strikes kill Islamic Jihad militants. Ashraf Shalluf and Munir Sukkar and 3 minor bystanders in Gaza Bureij refugee camp.
Mar 14, 2006 British and US guards in Jericho, monitoring jailing of wanted Palestinians released under the agreement, leave because of security concerns. IDF moves in and arrests prisoners, killing 1 in clashes. In Gaza, thousands of Palestinians demonstrate and riot, attacking foreigners, vandalizing foreign businesses, killing 9. UN suspends operations in Gaza, EU withdraws Rafah crossing monitors, forcing it to close.
Mar 28, 2006 Ehud Olmert elected PM of Israel, heading Kadima party coalition.
Mar 30, 2006 Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades suicide bomber dressed as orthodox Jew blows up in a car after being picked up as a hitchiker near Kedumim, killing 4 Israeli civilians. PA ( Hamas ) Foreign Minister Mahmud Zahhar claims this is "legitimate resistance."
Mar 31, 2006 Al-Abed Yusuf al-Abed Qoqa (or Abu Yusuf Abu Quka) the Hamas aligned weapons maker of the Popular Resistance Committees killed in a car bomb explosion attributed to Israel or Fatah.
Mar, 2006 Over 40 Qassam rockets fall on Sderot in March, this number increases in the next months. IDF responds with shelling of launching sites and IAF raids to kill leaders of Popular Resistance Committees, Islamic Jihad, Hamas and Fatah Al-Aqsa brigades involved in the attacks. First such operation is Southern Arrow, warned about March 30, implemented beginning April 4.
Mar Intifada Dead Palestinians: 15; Israelis: 5
Apr 3, 2006 IDF kills Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades West Bank commander Ra’id Ubayyat, and 2 minors in separate incidents.
Apr 7, 2006 IDF kills wanted senior Popular Resistance Committees (PRC) commander Iyad Abu al-'Aynayn, 3 other PRC militants  and a few bystanders including minors in Gaza.

Settlers in Hebron occupy a Palestinian home which they claim is their property.

Apr 8, 2006 IAF Gaza missile strikes kill Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades  militant Muhammad Abu Shari‘a and Mahmud Ajjur and at least 6 Abu Rish Brigades militants.
Apr 9, 2006 IDF kills Popular Resistance Committees Salah al- Din Brigades head Jabir Akhras near Bethlehem; declares PA a hostile entity. 
Apr 17, 2006 Islamic Jihad suicide bombing in Tel Aviv restaurant kills 11 (including 2 who died later): 10 Israeli civilians and 1 American citizen.
April 20, 2006 Executive Force - Palestinian (Hamas)  minister of the interior and of national security, Said Sayyam, appointed Jamal (or Jamil) Abu Samhadana (Abu Atayah) a known "militant," head of the Popular Resistance Committees, as general supervisor of the ministry, a position equivalent to that of director-general. Abu Samhadana is to set up a new security apparatus that will absorb operatives from the military wings of the Palestinian terror organizations. This will be called the "Executive Security Force." Mahmoud Abbas tried to cancel the appointment and to stop the formation of the Executive Force, but to no avail.

Abu Samhadana said on April 23 that the security force to be established under his command was "the core of the future Palestinian army," stressing that "resistance must continue." "We have only one enemy and that is the Jews," he said. (Sunday Telegraph (UK), April 23, 2006)  

Apr Intifada Dead Palestinians: 31; Israelis: 9
May 5, 2006  IDF kills 5 Popular Resistance Committees militants in Gaza:  Hamada Daghmash, Juma’ Daghmash, Mahmud Daghmash, Wahid Daghmash, Khalid Wakid
May 8-9, 2006 Hamas, Fatah attack and kidnap each other in increasing violence.
May 11, 2006 Palestinian Prisoners'  in Israeli jails issue document of national unity calling for a state in West Bank and Gaza Strip and right of return for Palestinian refugees. Hamas government rejects the document and Hamas prisoners who signed it repudiate it. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas announced that he will hold a referendum on approval of the document if the factions cannot agree. On June 28 a revised prisoners' document is issued, supposedly agreed to by Hamas and Fatah. However not all factions agree and Abbas calls for a referendum.
May 14, 2006 IDF raid in Qabatya kills senior Islamic Jihad military leader Elias al-Ashkar and four others.
May 17, 2006 Executive Force - Hamas Interior Minister Said Siyam announces creation of Hamas controlled Executive Security Force, composed of Hamas and Popular Resistance Committees members. Initially has about 3,000 members, later expended to about 12,000. Officially supposed to enforce law and order, actually used to attack and subjugate Fatah.

IDF raid in Nablus kills 2 Islamic Jihad militants.

May 24, 2006 Palestinian Preventive Security chief for Central Gaza Nabil Hudud killed by bomb that explodes his car, evidently by Palestinian opposition. Fatah and Hamas clash.

IDF kills 4 in clashes over Ramallah arrest of Islamic Jihad’s Qalqilya military leader Muhammad Shubaki.

May 26, 2006 In Sidon Lebanon, car bomb kills senior Islamic Jihad official Mahmud Majzub and his brother.

Israeli shelling in Gaza kills Palestinian farmer. 

May 29, 2006 IDF kills 3 Islamic Jihad militants in Gaza, and several Palestinian noncombatants in other operations.  
May Intifada Dead Palestinians: 36; Israelis: 3
Jun 8, 2006 IDF kills Jamil (or Jamal) Abu Samhadana, head of the Popular Resistance Committees militants and Hamas's "top cop" (designated to be organizer of the Executive Force) in a raid on a Popular Resistance Committees training camp in Gaza.
Jun 9, 2006 8 Palestinian civilians having a picnic at a Gaza beach are killed by an explosion attributed by Palestinians and HRW to an IDF shell. IDF denies that it was shelling the beach at the time, and points out that shrapnel recovered from the victims does not come from IDF shells.

IAF Gaza missile strike kills 3 Popular Resistance Committees militants who had just fired Qassam rocket.

Jun 13, 2006 IAF Gaza city missile strikes kill Islamic Jihad militants Shawqi al-Saiqali, Hamad Wadiya, and later kill 4 noncombatants. IDF kills Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades  militant Muhammad al-Wahish.
Jun 20, 2006 IDF kill 5 in clashes in Nablus, failed Gaza assassination attempt
June 25, 2006 Israeli Lt. Hanan Barak, 20, of Arad and Staff-Sgt. Pavel Slutzker, 20, of Dimona were killed when Palestinian militants from the Hamas  and Popular Resistance Committees militant organizations infiltrated Israeli territory between the Kerem Shalom and Sufa crossings, by means of a tunnel dug from the Rafah area. Corporal Gilad Shalit was abducted, and four others were wounded.

On the same day, Eliyahu Asheri, a student, age 18, of Itamar settlement was kidnapped by the Popular Resistance Committees near Ramallah. It was later found that he was evidently murdered on the same day. Imam Kamamdi and two other militants of the Popular Resistance Committees and or  Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades were later convicted of his murder.

Israel launches operation Summer rains in Gaza (June 28) in an attempt to free Gilad Shalit

June 27, 2006 Hamas, Fatah sign Palestinian Prisoners' Document, supposedly cementing national unity. Israel begins operation Summer Rains, invades Gaza strip to recover kidnapped soldier Gilad Shalit and stop Qassam rocket fire.  

Car bomb  in Gaza City kills Hamas commander Hamza Abu Mukharrib

Popular Resistance Commands announce kidnapping of 18 year old Israeli from Itamar. He is killed June 29.

Jun Intifada Dead Palestinians:43; Israelis: 3
July 6-8 2006 IDF kills about 40 in Gaza Summer Rains operation, mostly Hamas and Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants killed in clashes.
July 10-12, 2006 IDF kills about 47 in Gaza clashes (34 on July 12) as part of Summer Rains operation, assassination attempts.
July 12, 2006 Start of Second Lebanon War.
July 16, 2006 IDF kills 7 in Gaza
July 19-21, 2006 IDF kills 25 Palestinians, mostly Hamas and Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants in Gaza (al Maghazi refugee camp) and West Bank operations.
July 24, 2006 IDF kills 6 Palestinian civilians in Beit Lahiya and Beit Hanoun.
July 26, 2006 IDF kills 22 Palestinians,  about half Hamas and Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants in Gaza.
Jul. Intifada Dead Palestinians: 177; Israelis: 2
Aug 3-4, 2006 IDF kills 19 in Gaza raids, about half noncombatants, half militants.
Aug 9, 2006 IAF kills Islamic Jihad militants Amjad al-‘Ajam and Muhammad Atik in Jenin missile strike, 4 others in Gaza
Aug 14, 2006 Lebanon Cease fire, based on UN Security Council Resolution 1701.
Aug 27-31, 2006 IDF operations in Gaza leave about 19 Palestinians dead, uncover 2 smuggling tunnels. 

On Aug 31, in Gaza, unidentified gunmen ambush, assassinate Popular Resistance Committees district commander Ra’id Nahal in Shatti refugee camp.

In the West Bank, IDF kills Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades commander Fadi Qaffisha.

Aug. Intifada Dead Palestinians: 77; Israelis: 2
Sept 2, 2006 PA government employees union (Fatah) goes on strike because salaries not paid. T
Sept 5, 2006 IAF missile strikes in Rafah refugee camp kill 4 Hamas militants, IDF kill one apparent bystander in Khaza'a.

Striking PA employees riot in Gaza; in West Bank they force otehrs to cooperate with their strike. 

Sept 15, 2006 An organization calling itself “Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad Fi Falastin” (Al-Qaeda Organization in Palestine) killed Brig Gen Jihad al-Tayah, responsible for international relations in the General Intelligence Service, and his four bodyguards. They were killed in broad daylight, 180m from the home of the Palestinian Prime Minister, suggesting Hamas collusion, but this was never proven.
Sept 21, 2006 IDF kill 5 in Gaza, including one wanted man, 4 apparent noncombatants.
Sept 30, 2006 Open Fatah-Hamas fighting in Gaza.
Sept. Intifada Dead Palestinians: 31; Israelis: 1
Oct 12-14, 2006 IDF raids in Gaza (Abasan and Jabaliya) to uncover tunnels kill 19 including at least 10 Hamas and one Fatah member. Dead include: ‘Adil al-Maqusi, Muhammad al-Taluli, Rasim Zhahir ( Hamas ) and  Fatah Mujahiddin Brigades militant Raja’i al-Labban,
Oct 17, 2006 IDF kills about 10 in Gaza and Qalqilia, and uncover 13th smuggling tunnel destroyed in three months. Dead include wanted al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militant 'Adil Abu al-Rish and his cousin.
Oct 23, 2006 IDF kills 6 in Gaza, including senior Popular Resistance Committees commander. Atta al-Shinbari in Bayt Hanun, a PFLP member and several bystanders 
Oct 26, 2006 IDF kills 2 militants, 2 apparent noncombatants in separate actions.
Oct. Intifada Dead Palestinians: 60; Israelis: 0
Nov. 1-7, 2006 IDF kills about 60 Palestinians in major raid ("Operation Autumn Clouds") in Gaza centered around Beit Hanoun. Dead include Hamas militants  Muhammad Farhat, Tamir Hillis, Imad Mushtaha and Ahmad Abu Humayd, as well as numerous other militants and some civilians. Additionally in West Bank, IDF kills  Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants Tahir ‘Abahra, Salim Abu al-Hayja, Mahmud Abu Hasan, ‘Ala’ Khamaysa.

7 Qassam rockets fired into Israel, including 4 in Ashdod.

Nov. 8, 2006 Beit Hanoun carnage -  IDF artillery strike, apparently in error, kills 19 Palestinian non-combatans in residential Beit Hanoun Gaza area. IDF claims it was due to malfunctioning artillery radar range finder device. A UN investigation eventually labels it a "war crime."
Nov 21-25 IDF operations in north Gaza in response to Qassam rocket barrages kill 22 including 6 civilians. Palestinians and Israelis agree to truce.
Nov. 26, 2006 Israelis and Palestinians announce truce to apply to Gaza strip. Israeli incursions and arrests continue in West bank, as do Palestinian terror attempts. In Gaza, Israel holds to the truce, but rocket fire from Gaza continues.
Nov. Intifada Dead Palestinians:134; Israelis: 3
Dec. 19, 2006 In Nablus, IDF kill Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militant ‘Inab Abu Kishik, wounding 2 other militants; in al-Til, kills  Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades  militant leader Muhammad Hamad and bystander.
Dec. 23, 2006 Meeting between Israeli P.M. Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Abbas; Olmert promises to improve quality of life for Palestinians and remove checkpoints, but in practice no real changes occurred 
Dec Intifada Dead Palestinians: 14; Israelis: 0
2006 Total Palestinian Rockets and Mortars: Rockets: 946; Mortars: 22
2006 Intifada Dead Palestinians:  662; Israelis: 29
Jan., 2007 Internecine Palestinian violence in Gaza, rocket firing and relatively low level IDF activity continue throughout this month.
Jan.4, 2007 IDF kills 4 & arrests 4 in Ramallah raid.
Jan. 29, 2007 Palestinian suicide bomber kills three in Eilat. Islamic Jihad and Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades take "credit."
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 28; Mortars: 6
Jan Intifada Dead Palestinians: 11; Israelis: 3
Feb 1, 2007 Hamas Executive Force intercept 4-truck Fatah convoy and confiscate it, claiming it contains weapons sent by Americans to bolster Fatah in Gaza. The incident sparks widespread fighting in Gaza, leaving over 20 dead over the next few days. 

Israel kills 3 Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants and two apparent bystanders in West Bank actions.

Feb. 2007 Israeli renovations near the Mughrabi gate of the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem spark widespread unrest in the Arab world, over false charges that Israel is destroying the mosque.
Feb. 8, 2007 Palestinian Unity Agreement in Mecca. Hamas and Fatah agree to share power, based on vaguely worded agreement. Hamas officials reiterate that they will never recognize Israel. US and Israel insist that the new government must recognize right of Israel to exist, disarm terrorist groups and agree to end violence.
Feb. 19, 2007 Trilateral Israeli-Palestinian-American summit with Secretary of State Rice, PM Ehud Olmert and President Abbas ended with no visible result.
Feb. 21, 2007 IDF kills Islamic Jihad militant Mahmud Abu Obeid in Jenin.
Feb. 28, 2007 IDF kills Islamic Jihad West Bank military commander. Ashraf Saadi, senior Saraya al-Quds militans  Mahmud Abu Naa’sa, and Ala’ Baryaki in Jenin.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 43; Mortars: 2
Feb Intifada Dead Palestinians: 12; Israelis: 1
Mar. 12, 2007 BBC correspondent Alan Johnston kidnapped in Gaza by unknown Palestinian militants. Since Johnston and BBC are generally sympathetic to the Palestinian cause, the reason for the kidnapping is obscure.  
Mar. 17, 2007 Palestinian unity government headed by Ismail Hanniyeh (Hamas) is sworn in.
Mar 27-29 IDF kills 6 Palestinians in various incidents. Palestinians fire 9 rockets into Israel. Several Palestinians die in "work accident" explosions.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 31; Mortars: 1
Mar Intifada Dead Palestinians: 9; Israelis: 0
April 21, 2007  IDF kills 8 Palestinians: 1 is killed while launching a rocket; Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants  Muhammad al-Dumaj and Ahmad al-Issa, Islamic Jihad militant. Mahmud Ghalail killed in Jenin, 2 more  Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants killed in Nablus.

Army of Islam claims responsibility for a bombing at the American International School in north Gaza;

Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 26; Mortars: 35
Apr Intifada Dead Palestinians: 20; Israelis: 0
May 2007 As Palestinian rocket fire on Sderot and other Western Negev "settlements" intensifies, pressure grows on Olmert government to stop the fire any way possible.
May 4, 2007 IDF kill Islamic Jihad militants. Mahdi Abu al-Khayr, Khalid Ashur near Jenin.
May 15, 2007 Hamas - Fatah fighting kills about 15 in Gaza.
May 15-21, 2007 IDF kills about 38 Palestinians, targeting Executive force and others in intensive Gaza raids.
May 26, 2007 IDF raids kill at least 5 Palestinians (Executive Force members)
May 29, 2007 IDF kill 2 Hamas militants in Jabaliya. In the West Bank, IDF kills Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militant Omar `Abd al-Halim,  Islamic Jihad militant `Id Hisham Khalil; and Muhammad Marai` who had recently announced formation of yet another faction.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 257; Mortars: 42
May Intifada Dead Palestinians: 61; Israelis: 2
June 9, 2007 Hamas Coup - Start of Palestinian internecine violence, 2 Palestinians dead in Rafah from Hamas - Fatah exchanged. On following day 4 die.
June 11, 2007 15 die in Hamas - Fatah fighting Egyptian mediation and calls by Hamas and Fatah leaders for calm do not halt the fighting. Fatah allegedly fire an RPG at Palestinian PM Haniyeh's (Hamas) home, while Hamas allegedly mortar President Abbas's Gaza city home. Hamas forces begin to attack Fatah security bases systematically in the first signs of a coup attempt.
June 12, 2007 24 armed Palestinians and 4 noncombatants killed in Fatah - Hamas violence. Abbas belatedly orders Fatah to defend its positions after Hamas has taken over most of Gaza. Fatah fighters insist that no such orders ever reached them. 
June 13, 2007 21 killed Palestinians killed in what is now clearly a Hamas coup.
June 14, 2007 At least 27 Palestinians killed as Hamas takes control of Gaza including Abbas's Gaza city offices. Abbas dissolves the national unity government. At the end of the day, Hamas is firmly in control. During the fighting, Hamas executes Fatah members by breaking their knees and throwing them off buildings, and in one case, by slicing a man into steaks and sending them to his family.

Hamas and its supporters later fabricate a rumor that the coup was meant to forestall an imminent Fatah coup planned by the US and Israel.  Statements by US officials expressing opposition to Hamas in various memos are used to back this case, but no concrete evidence is presented. Hamas announcements at the time of the coup made no such claims. The claim is also hard to credit as Preventive Security Chief Dahlan (Fatah) was in Germany and Fatah forces were clearly not expecting any action and not trained or ready for it.

The border at Rafah is effectively closed because the EU monitors who were placed there to prevent arms smuggling will not return after Hamas occupied the terminals. Hamas insists it does not want the monitors, agreed to by Israel and the PA originally, and claims that Gaza is "under siege."

Rocket and mortar attacks on Israel escalated after disengagement and again after the Hamas election victory and unity government and now average about 4 a day each month. This creates tremendous pressure on the Israeli government to "do something" about the rockets from politicians and residents of Western Negev towns. The rockets kill relatively few people, but they injure many and make orderly life impossible. Businesses and families begin to abandon Sderot. 

Jun 25, 2007 A summit in Sharm El Sheikh attended by Egypt, Jordan, Egypt and Palestinians pledges support to the Abbas government, but Egypt calls for reunification with Hamas.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 63; Mortars: 70
Jun Intifada Dead Palestinians: 33; Israelis: 0
July 4, 2007 Hamas secure release of Alan Johnston, BBC reporter from "Jayish al Islam" (Army of Islam) group that kidnapped him.
July 5, 2007 IDF kills 11 in Gaza, including at least 7 Hamas and I Islamic Jihad militant.
July 14, 2007 Al Haq Palestinian rights group reports that PA in West Bank has arrested up to 400 Hamas members since the June 15 Hamas takeover in Gaza.
July 15, 2007 In beginning of program to eliminate armed groups in the West Bank, Israel removes 178 wanted Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants, about 75% of the total, after they pledge to stop violence and hand over weapons to Palestinian Authority.
July 20, 2007 Israel releases 255 Palestinian prisoners, mostly Fatah, no Hamas, to support the PA government of Mahmoud Abbas.
July 22, 2007 IDF kills 4 Islamic Jihad members in Gaza.
July 26, 2007 In Gaza, IDF kills  senior Islamic Jihad commander. Omar al-Khatib,   militants Ahmad al-Balawi, Khalil al-Duayfi and 2 other Hamas militants. 
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 61; Mortars: 64
Jul Intifada Dead Palestinians: 28; Israelis: 1
Aug. 14, 2007 IDF kills 10 Palestinians in Gaza, including 7 militants, 3 apparent noncombatants. Daghmash clan kill 2 Executive Force "police."
Aug. 15, 2007 Israel closes Nahal Oz fuel pipeline to shut off fuel to Gaza. .
Aug. 17, 2007 Four Palestinians dead in clashes with IDF, 3 armed militants, one stone-thrower aged 14.
Aug. 20, 2007 IDF kills Executive Force members Muhammad Abu 'Arab, Ali Baroud and Hamas militants Ismail Abu Abda, `Abid Abu Hilu, Ahmad al-Qrainawi, Muhammad al-Qrainawi.
Aug. 21, 2007 IAF air strikes kill 3 Islamic Jihad and 1 Hamas. IDF also kill two 9 year old children that it claims were sent to retrieve rocket launchers.
Aug. 24-5, 2007 IDF kills 8 Palestinians, including Islamic Jihad militants Ala’ Sorour and Mustafa Atiq, IDF forcibly evacuates about 100 settlers who tried to reoccupy the vacant West Bank Homesh settlement, abandoned in the disengagement.
Aug. 29, 2007 IDF kills 3 children in Gaza, claiming they were adjusting rocket launchers, later admit that the children were playing.
Aug. 31, 2007 Fatah demonstrations against Hamas in Gaza, including violence.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 81; Mortars: 101
Aug Intifada Dead Palestinians: 46; Israelis: 0
Sept 6, 2007 IDF kills 4 militants in raid in Gaza, another 6 Islamic Jihad militants who try to break through the border fence.
Sept 26, 2007 IAF air strike kills Jayish al Islam members: Hussein Ahil, Fawzi al-Ashram, Ayman Dalul, Osama al-Rifi, Sami al-Za`im. Kills gunman who fires on IDF troops and several other troops.
Sept 28, 2007 US announces Annapolis summit to be held November 15.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 70; Mortars: 132
Sep Intifada Dead Palestinians: 34; Israelis: 1
Oct 1, 2007 Israel releases 57 West Bank prisoners, and another 29 Gaza prisoners are released Oct. 2, as gestures to support PA President Mahmoud Abbas against Hamas government in Gaza.
Oct 8, 2007 Hebron settlers riot, attack Muslim worshippers.
Oct 11, 2007 IDF kill  Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militant Muhammad Abu Sorour in Jenin.
Oct  17-21, 2007 10 Palestinians including 3 members of pro- Fatah Hillis clan are called in clashes between Hamas and Fatah, Hamas and Islamic Jihad.

Palestinians claim an Israeli from. Ariel settlement killed a 40-yr.-old Palestinian man in a deliberate hit-and-run near Kafr Qasim, October 31. 

Oct 22, 2007 IDF kill 2 Islamic Jihad militants in Jenin.
Oct 23, 2007 IAF air strike kills Popular Resistance Committees militant leader Mubarak Hasanat in Gaza city.  
Oct 24, 2007 Popular Resistance Committees fires over 20 missiles into Israel. Israel responds by cutting electricity. Settlers interfere with olive harvest.
Oct 25, 2007 IAF missile strikes kill 4 Hamas and Islamic Jihad militants. Egyptians find and destroy 2 smuggling tunnels.
Oct 30, 2007 IAF kills four Executive Force officers in Gaza. 
Oct 31, 2007 Unidentified Palestinian gunmen fire on President Mahmoud Abbas's house in Ramallah, causing damage.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 59; Mortars: 67
Oct Intifada Dead Palestinians: 37; Israelis: 2
Nov 4, 2007 IDF air strike in Gaza kills 3l IDF also kills Islamic Jihad militant who approaches border.
Nov. 12, 2007 In Gaza, Hamas forces fire on Fatah demonstrators during commemoration of the death of Yasser Arafat, killing 7 and wounding 55, arrest about 250 and an additional 450 on Nov 13. 
Nov 15, 2007 IDF kill 2 Palestinian militants attempting to launch rockets.

Hamas organizes rallies to protest Israeli excavations near al-Aqsa mosque. (Nov 15 and 17)

Nov 19, 2007 IDF kills 2 infiltrators. Israeli supreme court rules that purchase of  Palestinian house near Kiryat Arba was illegal, and settlers may be evicted.
Nov. 26-28 2007 U.S. convenes Middle East Summit in Annapolis Md. Israelis and Palestinians agree to implement roadmap under U.S. monitoring and to negotiate continuously with the aim of reaching a final status agreement by the end of 2008. The agreement is to be implemented if and when the Palestinian Authority can control all of its territory, including Gaza.  

In Gaza, Hamas organizes a protest of about 100,000 against the Annapolis summit.

The Popular Resistance Committees send a press release threatening to increase rocket attacks to protest the possibility of a peace agreement.

Nov. 30, 2007 Israeli air strikes kill 5 militants in Gaza.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 65; Mortars: 100
Nov Intifada Dead Palestinians: 31; Israelis: 1
Dec. 2, 2007 Israel allows 250 students to travel from Gaza. IDF kills 7 militants in different incidents in Gaza.
Dec. 3, 2007 Israel releases 429 prisoners, mostly Fatah.
Dec. 4, 2007 PA deploys 500 man security force in Tulkarm to control chaos. Israel announces 350 settlement units in Har Choma neighborhood of East Jerusalem. Palestinians object and call for US pressure to stop the settlement activity.
Dec. 5, 2007 Egypt allows 2,000 Gazans to enter Egypt from Rafah, ostensibly for Hajj. No security checks performed. The move angers Israel, US and Palestinian Authority.
Dec. 11, 2007 8 Palestinians reported killed by Israel in separate actions in Gaza.
Dec. 12, 2007 Palestinians launch 17 rockets and 4 or more mortar bombs from Gaza.

Continued Hamas-Fatah violence in Gaza during this period.

Dec. 13, 2007 In response to rocket fire, Israel kills 2 Islamic Jihad, one Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades member and one civilian in Gaza. 
Dec. 17, 2007 Israel allows 216 Hajj pilgrims to leave Gaza. IDF kills 6 Islamic Jihad militants including senior commander and rocket maker Majid Harazin, long targeted by Israel, his senior lieutenant Jihad Dhahir and rocket designer Karim Dadu.
Dec. 18, 2007 IAF kills 4 Islamic Jihad and 2 Hamas militants in separate missile strikes.
Dec. 20, 2007 IDF kills 8 militants in al-Musaddar in Gaza and another Hamas militant in Abassan.
Dec. 23, 2007 IDF kills 2 Hamas militants in Bureij Refugee Camp, Gaza; Israel government seeks funding for 500 Har Choma settlement units.
Dec. 24, 2007 Israel allows 450 Gazans to travel to Bethlehem for Christmas holiday.
Dec. 27, 2007 IAF kills Islamic Jihad’s central Gaza comander Muhammad Abu Murshud, al Bureij Islamic Jihad commander  Muhammad Ahmad Abu Hassanian in separate strikes. IDF kills 1 Hamas and 2 Islamic Jihad militants in Abasan incursion in Gaza. In Betunia, near Ramallah, IDF kills PA presidential guard  Mu'tassim al-Sharif, who is a wanted militant in the Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades.
Dec. 29, 2007 An Israeli settler allegedly kills a Palestinian in a deliberate hit-and-run nr. Bil'in.
Dec. 30, 2007 Under Israeli pressure, Egypt refuses to allow returning pilgrims to enter Gaza via Rafah, directing them to the Israeli Kerem Shalom terminal. The pilgrims refuse, since they believe, probably with good reason, that Israel would arrest many of them as Hamas agents. These Hamas Hajj pilgrims are therefore stranded in Sinai for a period.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 113; Mortars: 109
Dec Intifada Dead Palestinians: 62; Israelis: 2
2007 Total Palestinian Rockets and Mortars: Rockets: 896; Mortars: 749
2007 Intifada Dead Palestinians:  383; Israelis: 13
Jan 2-3, 2008 IDF kills 16 Palestinians in Gaza clashes and incursions. Egypt allows over 2,000 "Hajj pilgrims" including Hamas officials and militants back into Gaza via the Rafah crossing.

Palestinians fire first Grad (Katyusha) rocket into Israel Jan. 3, striking near Ashqelon.  

Jan 6, 2008 Palestinians fire 17 rockets into Israel from Gaza. IDF kills 4 in Bureij refugee camp, including 3 civilians.
Jan 9-12, 2008 A tour of the Middle East by US President George Bush apparently fails to achieve support for US Middle East policy goals. However, Israelis and Palestinians pledge to negotiate seriously regarding "core issues" such as Jerusalem and Palestinian refugees. Israeli government issues contradictory declarations regarding status of a building freeze in West Bank settlements and areas of East Jerusalem annexed in the Six Day war.
Jan 9 2008 Palestinian militants fire 20 rockets and mortars into Israel.
Jan 12, 2008 In Beit Lahiya, Palestinian militants loot and burn the American International School, leaving fliers indicating that the attack was staged by the previously unknown Army of Believers—al-Qa`ida Branch on the Land of Palestine.

IAF air strikes kill 2 Hamas militants in Khan Yunis.

Jan 15, 2008 IDF raid kills 17 in Gaza. At least 12 are Hamas militants including the son of Mahmoud Zahar (another son had been killed previously).

Palestinians fire about 25-30 mortars and rockets. A Hamas sniper kills Ecuadorian volunteer Carlos Andres Chavez, while he is working in the fields of Kibbutz Ein Hashlosha. 

Jan 16, 2008 IAF strike kills Popular Resistance Committees militants Wa’il Ahil and Muhammad Safadi. A different missile strikes kills 3 Palestinian civilians by mistake.

Palestinians fire about 50 rockets toward Israel of which about 19 actually land in Israel.

Jan 17, 2008 IDF kills 5 in Gaza including Popular Resistance Committees commander. Raed Abu al-Ful and 2 Hamas militants, as well as a woman and child killed accidentally.

Palestinians fire about 40 rockets of which about 20 land in Israel doing property damage and causing some injuries.

Jan 18, 2008 IDF kills about 5 in Gaza including 4 Hamas militants and a civilian.

16 of 31 Palestinian rockets fired land in Israel, cause property damage. 

Jan 19, 2008 Settlers riot in Hebron, beating Palestinians and vandalizing homes.
Jan 20, 2008 After Israel cuts Gaza fuel supplies in retaliation for rocket and sniper fire from Gaza, a Gaza power plant, supplying abut 20% of Gaza's electricity, is shut down by Hamas, precipitating condemnation of Israel and international outcry.

Hamas PA government begins to dramatize "fuel shortage" in this period, showing candle lit meetings and processions, but electric lights are visible in the background.

Jan 22, 2008 IDF kills 1 militant in al-Shuka. Palestinians fire 17 rockets into Israel. Hamas organizes demonstration of 5,000 women to storm Rafah crossing, are beaten back by Egyptian police.
Jan 23, 2008 After months of preparation, Hamas blasts holes in Gaza/Rafah barrier, allowing hundreds of thousands of Gazans to enter Egypt freely. Border breach is partly closed by Egyptians by January 28, but reopened by Hamas and eventually resealed by Egypt.
Jan 26, 2008 PFLP founder George Habash dies in Amman at age 82 of a heart attack.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 241; Mortars: 136
Jan Intifada Dead Palestinians:89; Israelis: 2
Feb. 3, 2008 Egypt reseals Rafah border. Palestinians still in Egypt are allowed to return to Gaza, but Egypt insists that some have remained in Egypt.

IDF kill  Islamic Jihad militants Ahmad Abu Zaid and Ammar Zakarna in Qabatiya West Bank raid.

Feb. 4, 2008 IAF air strike kills Popular Resistance Committee militant 'Amr Qarmout (Amer Qarmot or Amer Qarmut) in Beit Layiha, Gaza.  Settlers allegedly uproot 200 olive trees in Qalqilia, West Bank.

Suicide bomber in Dimona kills 1. Off duty Israeli policeman kills second bomber who was going to blow up when rescue teams gathered.

Feb.5, 2008 IAF air strike in Khan Yunis kills 7 Hamas police; 2 militants killed in al-Shuka, 40 arrested.

Palestinians fire 8 rockets into Israel, and another 20 rockets and mortars on Feb. 6, injuring two young girls in Kibbutz Beeri.

Feb, 13, 2008 Assassination of Hezbollah terror mastermind Imad Moughnieh in Damascus.
Feb, 17, 2008 IDF kills 3 Hamas, 1 Popular Resistance Committees militant in Al-Suka Refugee Camp, Gaza
Feb, 18, 2008 Palestinian militants fire over 15 rockets into Israel from Gaza; Egypt expels 334 Palestinians it rounded up since the break into Egypt, sending them back to Gaza. Another 150 are held in El-Arish. Egypt suspects at least some of these people were intended as infiltrators.
Feb, 25, 2008 IDF kills 2 Hamas, 1 unidentified militant and 1 bystander.
Feb 27-Mar 4 Large scale Israeli raid (Operation Warm Winter) in Gaza kills over 100. About 13 Palestinians are killed Feb. 27 and Hamas fires 27 rockets into Israel. During the Feb 27- March 3 period, at least 23 longer range Grad missiles were fired into Israel. These are Katyusha equivalents and represented a dangerous escalation.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 257; Mortars: 226
Feb Intifada Dead Palestinians: 77; Israelis: 2
Mar 1-4, 2008 62 Palestinians reported killed by IDF in Operation Warm Winter, 12 more on March 2, 9 March 3, 4 on March 4, though Israel announced operation was over March 3.

Palestinians fire 25 (March 1) and about 33 (March 2) and 18 (March 3) rockets into Israel including several Grad rockets (Grad are Katyusha rockets, with longer range and more explosive power than home-made Qassam rockets).

Mar 6, 2008 Terror attack by Palestinian in Jerusalem's Yeshivat Merkaz Harav kills 8.

Islamic Jihad  kill IDF soldier in ambush. IDF kills 4 Islamic Jihad militants.

Mar 12, 2008 IDF kills Islamic Jihad’s Bethlehem commander Muhammad Shihada, senior Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militant Ahmad Balbul  and 2 other militants in ambush.
Mar 13, 2008 Israeli Jerusalem Planning Commission gives preliminary approval for construction of 2,200  housing units intended for Israelis in Givat Hamatos in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Bayt Safafa.
Mar 15, 2008 IDF kills 3 Islamic Jihad militants in attack on rocket launching site.

Israeli riot in Jabel Mukaber where  Merkaz Harav attacker's family lives (See Mar. 6).

Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 194; Mortars: 103
Mar Intifada Dead Palestinians:115; Israelis: 12
Apr 4, 2008 12 Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants "jailed" by Palestinian Authority as part of amnesty deal "escape" from Jnaid prison. Eventually they are persuaded to return.

Palestinians shoot at Israeli government delegation escorting a Canadian group in the Israeli town of Sderot, wounding an assistant of Israeli Public Security Minister Avi Dichter.

Demonstration against Security Fence in Bilin, 10 wounded by IDF

Apr 7, 2008 Abbas - Olmert meeting.

Palestinians allege that a West Bank Israeli bus deliberately runs over and kills a 15 year old Arab shepherd boy, his donkey and 8 sheep.

Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades militants "jailed"  including Jenin commander Zakariya Zubaydi and several others decline to stay in Palestinian Authority custody, breaking their agreement that is part of the amnesty deal. 

Apr 9, 2008 4 Palestinian gunmen attack Nahal Oz fuel depot to deliberately disrupt fuel shipments, kill 2 Israeli civilian workers. Three of the gunmen are killed and 4 alleged Palestinian civilians in Israeli pursuit.
Apr 11 2008 IDF kills about 11 Palestinians including many noncombatants and 3 Hamas militants in Gaza incursion.
Apr 16 2008 About 20 Palestinians, 4 IDF die in incidents in Gaza. IDF kills 4 militants in Gaza incursion. Palestinian  results in death of 3 Israeli soldiers, 4 Hamas and Islamic Jihad militants and about 11 Palestinian noncombatants including a Reuters cameraman.   IDF kills Qabatiya Islamic Jihad commander Bilal Zaalah (or Bilal Kmayel) and another Islamic Jihad militant on the early morning of April 17.
Apr 19 2008 IDF kills 4 militants and Hamas police officer in Gaza. 3 Hamas suicide bombers break through fence to attack Kerem Shalom IDF post, blow themselves up, wounding 13 IDF soldiers.
Apr 28 2008 8 Palestinians dead in IDF operations in Gaza, including a woman and 4 of her children and an unrelated bystander.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 145; Mortars: 373
Apr Intifada Dead Palestinians: 70; Israelis: 8
May 1, 2008 Palestinians fire about 30 rockets and mortars into Israel.

IAF kills Izzeddin al-Qassam Brigades cpmmander Nafiz Mansur in Rafah air strike.

May 3, 2008 500 PA police newly trained in Jordan enter Jenin to restore order.
May 9, 2008 Israeli killed by Hamas mortar fired from Gaza into Israel: Jimmy Kedoshim of Kibbutz Kfar Aza. . IDF kills 5 Hamas security officers and police, others killed in Ofra incursion attempt in the West Bank.

Demonstrations against security fence in Bilin met with rubber bullets. .

May 12, 2008 Shuli Katz, 70, of Kibbutz Gevaram killed by Palestinian missile fire 15 Km from border.
May 14, 2008 IDF kills 6 militants in Abasan Gaza raid.

Palestinian Grad rocket wounds 16 Israeli civilians in Ashkelon.

Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 149; Mortars: 208
May Intifada Dead Palestinians:42 Israelis: 2
June 19, 2008 Israel-Hamas truce ("lull") in Gaza. Violated by sporadic Qassam rocket fire.
Jun 25, 2008 Israeli Tali Fahima, previously jailed for contacts with Jenin militant commander Zakaria Zubaidi, calls Zubaidi a whore of the Shin Bet Security Service" because he praised life in freedom and nonviolence and had requested to leave Jenin for Ramallah in order to have eye surgery. 
June 29 Israel-Hezbollah prisoner swap deal approved.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 87; Mortars: 158
Jun Intifada Dead Palestinians: 30 Israelis: 1
July 2, 2008 Three  Israelis killed and over 50 wounded in a bulldozer attack in Jerusalem .Police shot and killed the militant attacker.
July 11, 2008 Border patrolman Lance Corporal David Chriqui, 19, of Rishon Lezion, critically wounded in a militant attack in the Old City of Jerusalem. He died July 23.
July 22, 2008 Copycat bulldozer attack in Jerusalem wounds 16  Israelis.
July 28, 2008 Fatah arrests about 50 Hamas activists in West Bank.
July 30, 2008 Hamas forces in Gaza detained 160 supporters of the rival Fatah movement after three explosions, including one that killed six people, a Palestinian human rights group says.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 5; Mortars: 8
Jul Intifada Dead Palestinians: 7 Israelis: 4
Aug. 4, 2008 Israel permits Fatah loyalists fleeing Gaza repression by Hamas (Hilles clan) to cross to Gaza
Aug. 17, 2008 Israeli cabinet approves release of 200 jailed Palestinians.
Aug. 23, 2008 Two boats of volunteer activists break Gaza blockage for the first time. Israel permits them to arrive and depart.
August 2008 Gaza doctors affiliated with Fatah begin strike against Hamas gov't.
Palestinian Rockets & Mortars Rockets 8; Mortars: 3
Aug Intifada Dead Palestinians: 1 Israelis: 0
Sept. 5, 2008 Israel allows shipment of 1,000 rifles plus ammunition for Palestinian National Authority forces.
Sept 16, 2008 At least 11 killed in internecine Palestinian fighting in Gaza.
Sept 17, 2008 In primaries held after PM Olmert forced to resign over financial improprieties, Tzipi Livni elected to head Kadima party in Israel, form new government. 
Sept 21, 2008 PM Olmert  announces intent to resign.
Sept 22, 2008 15 hurt in Jerusalem when Palestinian motorist stages car attack, running over pedestrians.
Sep Intifada Dead Palestinians: 3 Israelis: 0
Oct. 20, 2008 IDF demolishes three illegal West Bank outposts.
Oct 23, 2008  IDF authorizes 500 additional PA police in Hebron

86-year-old Avraham Ozeri killed and a police officer was moderately wounded in Jerusalem by a stabbing attack launched by 21-year-old Mohammad Elmadan, from a village near Bethlehem.

Oct 26, 2008 Tzipi Livni announces she cannot form a coalition because of Shas party financial demands and opposition to concessions in Jerusalem, calls for new elections.
Oct 28, 2008 Protest ship Dignity arrives in Gaza despite Israeli declaration that the ship would be boarded and prevented from entering Gaza.
Nov 4/5, 2006 IDF incursion in Gaza to eliminate a tunnel that was being dug into Israel, probably to carry out a kidnapping. Six Hamas militants killed.

Current Commentary


Updated from available sources to Nov 5, 2008.


Sources include: www.leksikon.org/ www.btselem.org/  www.rememberthesechildren.org/  www.mfa.gov.il/

(Updated October, 2008)


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